- Published on Tuesday, 15 June 2010 13:01
Integrated National Resources And Environmental Management Project: Philippines
Indigenous Peoples Planning Framework
Document Stage: Draft for Comments
Project Number: TA-7109 (PHI)
PHI: Integrated Natural Resources and Environmental Management Project
A. Project Background
1. The Project impact will be improved livelihoods in the URBs through effective provision of ecosystem and biodiversity services. Rural livelihood improvements in the URBs in the Philippines will be sustained by increased incentives to upland communities and indigenous peoples, improved LGU management capacities and private sector participation to stabilize and/or increase beneficiary access to ecosystem services and through improved land-use and natural resource management efficiencies.
2. The Project outcome will be for local Government Units and People’s Organizations/ Indigenous People’s Organizations (POs/IPOs) based watershed enterprises generating increased revenues from watershed management, biodiversity protection and livelihood investments. These enterprises are expected to provide watershed management services including water regulation and soil conservation, Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+)1, and protection of aesthetic, biodiversity and environmental service values. Revenues and/or alternative livelihood improvement incentives will be generated from land management activities that provide ecosystem services either through direct payments or through support for alternatives livelihood strategies that can generate income at the same time as they provide watershed services.
3. The outputs of the Project are: (i) Environmentally sound river basin and watershed management and investment plans developed in four river basins (ii) Supportive policy and regulatory framework established at the national, provincial and municipal levels; (iii) Smallholder, commercial and institutional investments increased in conservation and economic productivity enhancement in the forestry, agriculture and tourism sectors; (iv) River basin and watershed management capacity and related governance mechanisms strengthened; and (v) Project management and support services effectively delivered.
4. The key activities are: (i) Formulation of River Basin Physical Framework Plans and Watershed Management Plans through participatory classification of appropriate land-use zones based on science-based land-capability assessment, including the design and operation of geographical information system (GIS)-based database for river basin and watershed planning, environmental quality monitoring, and performance monitoring; (ii) Implementation of small-holder and commercial investments through sub-projects approved in accordance with agreed land use classification and zoning; (iii) Development of capacities for river basin and watershed management of national agencies concerned, LGUs and multisectoral bodies involved in INREM implementation; (iv) Project management and effective delivery of support services.
5. Special Features. Climate Change Fund and Global Environmental Facility Fund The Project will mainstream climate change mitigation through investments, supplemented by grants for: (i) establishing biomass energy forest plantations and a charcoal retort in Bukidnon; (ii) establishing and verifying Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+) demonstration areas and activities in the river basins; and (iii) adoption of appropriate climate-change adaptation measures in upland production systems. The Project will also provide investments and grants to mainstream biodiversity conservation in production landscape through PES agreements between IPOs/POs and downstream ecosystems-services beneficiaries, initially in the Chico-Agno-Magat River Basins triboundary in the Cordillera between three (3) IPOs and the National Power Corporation. The possibility of bundling PES payments and REDD+ credits will be explored.
6. The Project area covers four representative river basins with 23 watersheds extending to over 1.13 million hectares with an estimated population of around 2.7 million. Approximately 350,000 household beneficiaries are targeted under the Project covering 12 provinces, 88 cities and municipalities, and some 1,735 barangays. Main beneficiaries are marginal households with small landholdings. IP groups and other ethnic minorities2 (EM) constitute around 75% of the total beneficiaries that reside in headwaters of the river basins.
B. Rationale for IP Framework
7. The Project follows a step by step approach by first implementing Component 1, which includes land use and capability assessment, and participatory management planning, leading to zoning and institutional capacity building measures (Component 3), extending to the entire Project area. For Component 2 of the Project, a sector-like modality is proposed. Under this modality, the Project area extending to 4 river basins has been subdivided into 23 watersheds, each watershed corresponding to one subproject. As the subprojects correspond to an entire watershed, they may extend to one or more municipalities and several barangays.
8. During Project preparation of INREM, four sample subprojects in the four URBs were selected for detailed study on the basis of their biophysical conditions, socioeconomic and conservation values, and the state of their degradation. Final subprojects, to be designed during implementation, will be selected on the basis of a developed set of criteria foremost of which is the intent of LGUs to enlist for INREM support. Approval of all subprojects for funding under the Project, including the sample subprojects, will be subject to satisfactory compliance with these criteria. In view of the aforementioned, an IP Development Framework is in order.