Berries are multi-seeded fruits with a juicy middle, a thin shell and a hard bone inside. They are similar to fruits and do not have a fundamental difference.
1. Real. This category includes typical fruits that contain 2 to 5 seeds, with a dense rind. Depending on the number of grains, berries are divided into: single-pointed (barberry, sea buckthorn, Gumi), two-pointed (black nightshade, grapes), three-pointed (asparagus), four-pointed (blueberry, currant, crow's eye), five-pointed (blueberry, bearberry, cranberry, cranberry), multi-pointed (gooseberry, Actinidia). P
2. False. The pulp of the fruit of this species is formed not from the ovary of the flower, as usual, but from other parts of the plant (the flowering plant). Representatives of false berries include: rose hips, strawberries, strawberries.For all their usefulness, don't abuse them. Otherwise, it will lead to digestive disorders, the appearance of a green complexion, spasms, diarrhea. Observe moderation and rinse your mouth after each intake of fresh gifts of nature. This way you will protect your tooth enamel from the damaging effects of organic acids.
3. Complex. Outwardly, each of them vaguely resembles miniature berries. This group includes the following plants: cloudberry, mulberry, raspberry, BlackBerry. Each species has a characteristic set of properties, but all garden or forest berries are: - sources of biologically useful additives, vitamins and sugars; - the strongest immunomodulators; - energy suppliers;- "fighters" for the health of the skin, joints, blood vessels, eyes, they reduce inflammation in the body; - water suppliers that dull the feeling of hunger. In addition, due to the content of folic acid and fiber, berries are involved in the production of the hormone "joy" - serotonin, normalize blood pressure, protect the heart and blood vessels from cholesterol plaques.
Colorless berries belonging to the Gooseberry family, which are a storehouse of vitamins and trace elements, are known as white currant. These are fruits that have found their application in various fields-from the food industry to the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. Folk medicine can not do without decoctions, tinctures and ointments from white currant, because the plant has unique medicinal properties.
The currant Bush grows in height and reaches from 1 to 1.5 meters. Depending on the conditions, it can grow up to 2.5 meters and give a very decent harvest. It has a powerful root system, similar in structure and structure to the red currant. The leaves have serrated edges, and their shape is three-lobed. Yellow-green petals join in the plant's brush and bloom. The flowering process begins in may, and fruiting - from June to July. The berries are white with a faint yellow tinge, have a round shape and a diameter of 5 to 10 millimeters. The taste of the fruit is sweet and sour with a slightly tart aftertaste. Popular varieties of white currant: Versailles white, Smolyaninovskaya, Svetlana, Star of the North, Dutch, Juterborg, Houghton Castle, Diamond. The fruits of the plant are widely used in cooking, giving sophistication and uniqueness to dishes.
Currant with black berries is a shrub that grows and bears fruit for 13-15 years on the same plot of land. The variety belongs to the Gooseberry family. The maximum height of the Bush is 1.5 meters. The leaves are regular, the top of the shrub is much smaller than the bottom. The leaves have a fragrant specific smell, their width ranges from 5 to 12 centimeters. Currant flowers are small-up to 1 cm long, purple or pinkish-gray. The fruit is a round black berry with a diameter of 7-10 millimeters. The variety blooms from may to June, and fruit maturation occurs from July to August.Varieties of black currant have taken root and bear fruit in the Russian Federation, Ukraine, Siberia and partly in Asia. Wild shrubs grow most often near the banks of rivers, in forests with moist soil, on the outskirts of forest plantations and swamps, in meadows. Currants with black berries are cultivated in gardens and gardens by gardeners and simply lovers of odorous fruits.
Cranberries are one of the most nutritious berries that tolerate low temperatures. No wonder its usual habitat is the Northern regions. The useful properties of this red gift are well known in many countries. It is valued for its ability to maintain its energy composition even during long-term storage. Vitamins and minerals are not lost even if you process raw materials into fruit juice or make jam from it. It is enough to follow the rules of minimal heat treatment, making a delicious mass with sugar, which can be stored in the refrigerator for months. According to Indian legend, cranberries first appeared as a symbol of the lands where brave warriors fell. The Delaware, as this people was called, believed that it was there that the warriors died in battle with the mythical giants.
Red currant is a small shrub whose leaves fall off in winter. It belongs to the perennial, and its closest relative is the gooseberry. Unlike blackcurrant bushes, these are taller, as if reaching up. Every year, new shoots grow that strengthen the shrub and take the place of dying branches, but over time they begin to grow worse. Under good growing conditions in a fertile land, shrubs will yield annually for 20 years, but on average this figure reaches 4-5 years. Red currant is actively grown by domestic gardeners, because it tolerates droughts and frosts very well. However, it needs a lot of light and it is desirable to have regular but moderate watering. In total, there are about 20 different varieties of red currant, and its fruits are usually harvested in the middle and late summer.
Cherries are one of the earliest fruit-bearing crops of late spring or early summer, which pleases with its sweet taste and bright appearance. Cherries are also called bird cherries. BIOLOGICAL DESCRIPTION Cherries belong to the pink family. This tree is about 10 meters high and is one of the oldest woody plants. Cherries are considered to be one of the most ancient forms of cherries and fruit trees that were cultivated by man. According to some sources, these trees began to be cultivated more than 8000 years ago. According to legend, in the small town of Kerasunte, the ancient Romans first saw the fruits of the plant, which they called kerasunte fruits, from which the name in Latin – cerasi-was later derived. More information: https://foodandhealth.ru/yagody/chereshnya/
Probably, few people know this, but cherry is extremely useful for treating various diseases, and its smell helps to get rid of ticks. The fact is that the flowers and leaves of this plant contain a huge amount of substances that have antimicrobial, antibacterial and antiparasitic properties. And even a bouquet of several sprigs of cherry will help clean the air in the apartment and destroy harmful microbes. General CHARACTERISTIC the cherry Tree is a deciduous fast-growing tree from the rose family, which can reach 8-15 m in height. It blooms in may and bears fruit from July to August. Cherry berries are small (the size of a pea), usually astringent and sweet. Inside each fruit is hidden inedible bitter bone. But not only is it bitter, it also has toxic properties.
A few years ago, when the Internet was full of low-quality advertising, and women bought weight loss programs in the style of "lose 100 pounds in 1 hour", a unique product – Goji berries-entered the market. To the layman, they seemed to be a universal remedy for everything: from excess weight to the pathological condition of blood vessels. The excitement around the berry gradually subsided and, in the end, completely slowed down. Goji berries were replaced by acai berries and Superfoods of the "new generation" But was the attention to Goji berries justified and how they really affect the human body? BRIEF HISTORICAL BACKGROUND the Growth of demand for Goji originated in 2006. Dr. H. Wu from Japan found something interesting in the berry juice-biologically active substances that can restore the structure of the DNA molecule.
Strawberries have gained a reputation as a rare delicacy. Only 3 weeks a year, it can be seen packaged in plastic cups on the spontaneous market. The period of maturation of both wild and cultivated varieties is identical, so the population tries to snatch as many berries as possible in a short time. Strawberries are ahead of strawberries in several ways. Its taste is much sweeter and more expressive, and the aroma persists even after prolonged heat treatment. Strawberry fruits look more neat and noble (you can draw an analogy with tomatoes and cherries), perfectly fit into the structure of both sweet and salty dishes.
Elderberry is a branched shrub of the Adoxaceae family. Since ancient times, elderberry has been used as a medicinal product in medicine, as an ornamental plant in gardens and as a culinary ingredient in dishes. It is even used as a tool in the fight against rodents. Even in Ancient Rome and Ancient Greece, the plant was grown for the preparation of medicines. Elderberry is revered by some people as a sacred tree, on the basis of its fruits herbalists prepare healing tinctures and decoctions. Nowadays, these medicinal drugs are forgotten by many and are not popular, although black elderberry is used in pharmacology as a medicinal raw material. In elder people called the Confessor, Sambucol, pisarnica or buzunovym color. There is a version of the origin of the Botanical name of the plant. According to this version, the name is associated with a musical instrument called "Sambuca", which means "red paint"in Latin. Sambuca was made from the plant's wood.
Olives have long occupied an honorable place in the national cuisines of many peoples of the world. In our country, olives appeared relatively recently, so there are disputes around their various properties. They have an interesting piquant taste that is difficult to describe even to an experienced taster: they simultaneously contain bitterness and sweetness, sour and salty notes. The mystery of this product has long divided all lovers of food, the great connoisseurs of olives and their ardent haters. The question that few people can answer further fuels interest in this product: “olive — what is It? Is it a fruit, or a vegetable, or a berry?” The answers to this question are as contradictory as the taste of the product. Some prove that it is a berry or fruit, since it has a bone and grows on shrubs or trees. Others claim that it is a fruit or vegetable, because it requires additional processing, after which it acquires its unique taste.